||The by-product of
decay, waste, uneaten foods. High Ammonia levels are extremely toxic.
||The fin located on
||Baby Brine Shrimp.
||A nickmane for a
Betta Fry with Swim Bladder.
Also known as SBD (Swim Bladder Disorder)
Also, known as Siamese Fighting Fish. For more info on Bettas click
|Black Water Extract
||Used for encouraging
spawning and in the stimulation of the roots of plants in the aquarium.
|Blonde or Bright
||A reduction in black
||Adults you use for
||The male will build
this to house the eggs after mating. Sometimes he builds it just for
kicks. And occasionally you will find a female bubble nest builder.
||Variegated Fins (VF)
that is characterized by a "band" pattern.
||A decrease (or limitation)
in the production of black. Depicted as a light colored body and darker
||The tail fin.
||A combination of
Chlorine & Ammonia, added to most tap water. Highly toxic to fish.
Unlike Chlorine, Chloramines do not naturally disapate from water.
It must be removed with dechlorinators.
||Added to tap water.
Toxic to fish. Use a dechlorinator to remove it, or let the water
stand for a few days.
||There are 4 layers
of color that can be found in the Betta.The Iridescent (Blue/Green/Steel)
layer is the topmost layer and is produced by Iridophores (aka Guanophores)
pigmentation. Followed by the Red layer produced by Erythrophores.
Then Black layer is produced by Melanophores. And the bottom layer
Yellow (which is also called Non-Red) is produced by Xanthophores.
|Comb Tail "ct"
||The combs (rays)
extend past the finnage.
||A tank that holds
many different species of fish. Or used to combine different spawns.
||This is the time
period when you get your pair ready to spawn by feeding them a varied
diet of live or frozen foods. Usually 1-3 weeks.
||This is a term that
I use to describe the violent, shaking, ramming into walls, banging
into rocks, spinning out of control, head dives that a Betta does
right before they are about to die. Once a Bettas starts "Crashing"
death is imminent.
|Crown Tail "CT"
||Depicted by long
extended rays. Similar to a King's Crown.
Fleas. They are a first food for the Fry.
||The fin located on
||A very full and flowing
tail that is fuller than a Fan Tail, but not quite Half Moon. Sometimes
called Super Delta when it falls just shy of Half Moon.
||A tank that is divided
in order to house multiple male Bettas. Click link to the left for
instructions on making a Divided Tank.
||Referring to traits,
only one gene is needed for this characteristic to show up.
|Double Ray "DR"
|| Referring to Crowntails---TR=Triple
Ray, DDR= Double Double Ray (aka 4 Rays).
|Double Tail "DT"
||Depicted by a split
in the Caudal Fin.
||When a Female Betta's
stomach becomes engorged with eggs.
||Betta Splendens are
Egg-Layers. They mate, then place their eggs in a bubble nest. (Eggs
in Nest picture). Photo Courtesy Scott/Cajun Betta
|Extended Red "ER"
||A deep cherry red
that extends throughout the entire body and finnage.
(fillial generation) of offsprings of a pairing (F2 is the second
||Shaped like a fan.
||Either Biological, Chemical or
Mechanical. Designed to clean the water by elimination of waste products
(food or poop).
||An instinctive action of flaring
the gills as a show of dominance.
||Baby Bettas. (Fry
Picture). Photo Courtesy Scott/Cajun Betta
|| See Fry
Foods page for these.
||The hidden traits.
|| Algaefied (is that a word?)
||A term used to describe Pastels
with Iridescence on their body.
||The simplistic or "perfect"
definition would be an 180° Caudal spread. However, many experienced
breeders believe that the Halfmoon is a 165° + tail spread with
a "straight" edge from the top to the bottom of the Caudal
Fin. Click on Halfmoon (to the left), for a pictorial of Halfmoons.
||The Same genes.
Occurs when Alleles (genes) are partially
expressed. Often producing an intermediate Phenotype.
||A microscopic protozoan organism.
Often the Fry's first food.
||Blue, Green or Steel.
These 3 colors make up the topmost layer of the Betta.
||The point when you remove your
male Fry (and sometimes females) from their tank and put them in individual
jars (containers). Usually between 6-8 weeks.
||An organ that allows Bettas to
breathe surface air.
||The sensory organs located on
the body of the fish, allowing them to orient themselves in water.
||Local Fish Store (or LPS, Local
||An elusive gene that causes varied
patches of color (marbling).
||An increase in black pigmentation.
Commonly refered to as "Black". Black Melano females are
||A small nematode. One of the
Bettas first food.
||Eggs are carried in the mouth
until they are hatched.
||The conversion of toxic Ammonia
into Nitrite, then converted into Nitrate. High Nitrate levels are
||A process an Aquarium goes through.
|Non- Red "NR"
||NR produces Yellow.
||A chalky-white coloring.
||A point in your line that you
introduce new and unrelated genes to your Bettas gene pool.
||The egg tube. Normally viewed
as a "white spot" on the females belly. It sometimes is
||Male and Female.
||The fins located behind the Gills.
||Is the measure of acidity of
water. 7.0 is neutral, <7.0 is acidic, and >7.0 is alkaline.
||This is the visible
part you can see. (i.e. double tail).
||A flesh colored face.
||A term used by some in Asia to
describe short-finned Bettas. They are the same species as Betta splendens.
They just have short tails.
||A period of time that
all "new" fish and "sick" fish should go through
in a separate tank. To prevent illness of other fish.
||Referring to traits, you will
need 2 genes for this characteristic to show up.
|Red Loss "L"
||The red coloring on the body
||An unwanted reddish color somewhere
on the fish (usually in the ventrals, often in the tail).
of a membrane to filter water from contaminants and chemicals.
are open fields near a river/stream and are a natural habitat of the
Betta. They can be found throughout South East Asian countries. They
are murky, low-oxygen areas of fresh water ranging from several inches
to several feet deep. Click for a look at how Rice
Paddies are built . Note: Rice Paddies are "not"
the size of a 4 oz cup that they are often erroneously compared to
in pet stores
||A procedure that
is helpful in eliminating Parasites. You would place your Betta in
a small container (1 gallon) then use a concentrated amount of Aquarium
or Epsom Salt. Your Betta would soak in this for 15-30 minutes, 2x
|Single Tail "ST"
||Possessing one tail
(i.e. - STM, Single Tail Male - STF, Single Tail Female).
||The mating of a male and female.
||A filter made out of Sponge,
used in the Breeding tank.
|Spread Iridocyte "SI"
||Iridescent coloring on the fish.
|Swim Bladder Disorder (SBD)
||A common Betta disease. Click
Diseases for more
Used to measure water parameters such as
pH, Ammonia, Nitrates. There are 2 types of test kits. Nessler (the
more common type, such Aquarium Pharmaceuticals) which measure total
Ammonia levels. Salicylate (a bit more complicated to use) is a
more accurate test kit, as it measure both Ammonia and Ammonia Nitrogen.
Note: When using a Dechlorinator such as "Amquel" you
can get "false" readings with a Nessler kit. As Nessler
kits measure "total" Ammonia, including the Ammonia that
Amquel "locks up".
||A young lot of Fry, whose sex
has not been determined.
|| Commonly referred
to as the Butterfly (BF) pattern.
|Veil Tale "P
||A long hanging tail.
Common Pet Store variety.
||The two short fins
located on the underside (in front of the Anal Fin).
||Degrees of Hardness
(DH), referring to the softness or hardness of water. It is the measure
of dissolved minerals in your water. Usually expressed in PPM (parts
per million) Soft/0-75ppm, Moderate/76-150ppm, Hard/151-300ppm, Very